The Power of a Book

This morning, I awoke to this Remind message from a student:


I immediately replied, sharing how thrilled I was that she not only found a great book, but that it was helpful to her. Afterword, I couldn’t help but reflect on the importance of books in this student’s life. Yes reading consistently will help this student become a better reader, but this time I knew it was much more than that. This book was some much-needed therapy during a tough time, a connection between the reader and a character’s story. I don’t think a few whole-class novels throughout one school year would have created this type of reader. Our children need much more than that.

Our children need to read often and widely.

Our children need access to large classroom libraries.

Our children need a diverse collection of books to choose from, so they can see themselves within them and make those all-important connections.

Our children need teachers who work hard to build strong relationships with them.

Our children need teachers who make time to confer with them consistently to get to know them as readers.

Our children need teachers who read widely so they can be go-to sources for book recommendations.

With my new school year starting in one month, I know reading books of choice will continue to be a priority in my classroom. Is it a priority in yours?



Planning Already?

I know, I know. It’s still the middle of the summer, at least for me in Western New York. Well, I found out July 1st that I would be teaching one 11th grade English class this year, so that’s an additional prep that I didn’t feel ready for. Time to start planning! After reading Pernille Ripp’s recent post about her teacher planner, I was inspired to create my own.

In the past, I have tried to plan my year in a wide variety of ways. I started my teaching career almost 17 years ago with the traditional planner that the school gave me, but I soon figured out I needed more. I bought a gorgeous (and expensive) planner online, but that seemed more geared toward elementary teachers. Next I went digital, and tried to do everything in a Google Doc or Sheet, which helped with co-planning, but there were just too many separate documents in different folders. Plus, it didn’t help that the internet access in my classroom was finicky. I needed something all in one spot that I could access easily, so I decided to create my own planner in a binder.

Yes, it’s big and bulky, and yes, I feel like a student sometimes, but everything is here. I decorated the front and back with favorite books and photos from conferences for those days that a little extra inspiration is needed. Inside, I have a pencil holder for sticky notes, pens, pencils, and colored pencils. I’ve found that I desperately need this extra supply, for I often give my students what’s in my desk.

Within the binder I have eight sections, and I’ve found that each is necessary:

School Information – This is the section for my school calendar, meetings, and upcoming events.

Planning (4 sections) – I teach four different classes, so each need their own planning section. My planning sheets are organized the same way Kelly Gallagher and Penny Kittle organized their high school classes in 180 Days. (See the bottom left sheet above.)

Conferring Notes – This is probably my favorite section. I have every single student’s conference notes all in this section in alphabetical order. Students are constantly moving in and out of my district, so it helps that I am using a binder. I can move kids in and out without disrupting what’s already there. I also like having reading and writing conference notes together, for I’ve found that reading and writing struggles can sometimes be connected. (See the bottom right sheet above.)

Standards –  I often reference the New York State ELA Standards when planning, so this section has been quite helpful. This year, I also added in the newly created Social Justice Standards from the Teaching Tolerance website.

Other – Finally, I have this section for anything I may have missed (meeting notes, contact information, etc.).

My system isn’t perfect, but it works for me. It saves me time, which is why I’m sticking with it for now.

How do you plan out, or get ready for, your new school year? Feel free to share below.

The Class of 2021’s Favorite Books of the Year

What are high school students reading? This question is one that countless teachers ponder, for, as many of us know, a large percentage of high school students don’t like to read. I’d like to think my classroom is different. After polling my 97 students last week, all but 4 students said they enjoy reading more now than they did last September. That’s progress! This same poll asked students to chose a favorite book, or books, from this school year. After reviewing the list, what stood out more than anything else was the wide variety of genres, reading levels, and topics. (Only 3 students said they didn’t like any books, while 2 other students said they couldn’t decide between so many.) Giving students choice in what they read matters.

Screen Shot 2018-06-04 at 3.07.09 PM

Screen Shot 2018-06-04 at 3.07.25 PM

Screen Shot 2018-06-04 at 3.07.55 PM

The novel that received the most votes was Long Way Down by Jason Reynolds, followed by Angie Thomas’s The Hate U Give. Simon vs. the Homo Sapiens Agenda and All American Boys came in third. The list is organized by the author’s last name. Enjoy looking over this year’s titles that my students fell in love with!

  • The Poet X by Elizabeth Acevedo
  • Leah on the Offbeat by Becky Albertalli
  • Simon vs. the Homo Sapiens Agenda by Becky Albertalli (5X)
  • The Crossover by Kwame Alexander
  • Twisted by Laurie Halse Anderson
  • The Four-Minute Mile by Roger Bannister
  • The Girl Who Drank the Moon by Kelly Barnhill
  • Nine, Ten: A September 11 Story by Nora Raleigh Baskin
  • Far from the Tree by Robin Benway
  • The Wolf Keepers by Elise Broach
  • Drowned City by Don Brown (2X)
  • The Selection series by Kiera Cass
  • Need by Joelle Charbonneau
  • Ready Player One by Ernest Cline (5X)
  • Alex & Eliza by Melissa de la Cruz
  • Fault Line by Christa Desir (2X)
  • Gutless by Carl Deuker
  • Room by Emma Donoghue
  • Inhuman by Kat Falls (2X)
  • Legendary by Stephanie Garber
  • Until Friday Night by Abbi Glines
  • Under the Lights by Abbi Glines
  • After the Game by Abbi Glines
  • Faith of the Fallen by Terry Goodkind
  • Gone series by Michael Grant
  • Looking for Alaska by John Green
  • Turtles All the Way Down by John Green
  • The Magicians by Lev Grossman
  • No One Else Can Have You by Kathleen Hale
  • Count All Her Bones by April Henry
  • The Smell of Other People’s Houses by Bonnie-Sue Hitchcock
  • House Arrest by K. A. Holt (2X)
  • Crank by Ellen Hopkins (2X)
  • The You I’ve Never Known by Ellen Hopkins
  • Let’s Talk About Love by Claire Kann
  • Milk and Honey by Rupi Kaur (2X)
  • Honestly Ben by Bill Konigsberg
  • Openly Straight by Bill Konigsberg
  • The Tragedy Paper by Elizabeth LaBan
  • No Easy Way Out by Dayna Lorentz
  • The Princess Saves Herself In This One by Amanda Lovelace (2X)
  • The Witch Doesn’t Burn in This One by Amanda Lovelace
  • A Court of Thorns and Roses series by Sarah J. Maas (2X)
  • Throne of Glass series by Sarah J. Maas
  • Shatter Me series by Tahereh Mafi
  • Moxie by Jennifer Mathieu
  • The Female of the Species by Mindy McGinnis
  • Ten by Gretchen McNeil
  • The Lunar Chronicles (whole series) by Marissa Meyer (2X)
  • Dumplin’ by Julie Murphy
  • The Infinite Moment of Us by Lauren Myracle
  • The Knife of Never Letting Go by Patrick Ness
  • A Monster Calls by Patrick Ness (2X)
  • All the Bright Places by Jennifer Niven
  • 1984 by George Orwell
  • A Child Called “It” by Dave Pelzer
  • Out of Darkness by Ashley Hope Perez
  • Gabi, a Girl in Pieces by Melissa Quintero (2X)
  • All American Boys by Jason Reynolds and Brendan Kiely (6X)
  • Long Way Down by Jason Reynolds (10X)
  • When I Was the Greatest by Jason Reynolds
  • After the Shot Drops by Randy Ribay
  • Miss Peregrine’s Home for Peculiar Children series by Ransom Riggs
  • The Shadow Cipher by Laura Ruby
  • Zodiac by Romina Russell
  • Aristotle and Dante Discover the Secrets of the Universe by Benjamin Alire Saenz (2X)
  • Oathbringer by Brandon Sanderson
  • The Way of Kings by Brandon Sanderson
  • Words of the Radiance by Brandon Sanderson
  • Kobe Bryant: Star Guard by A. R. Schaefer
  • Orbiting Jupiter by Gary D. Schmidt
  • Between Shades of Gray by Ruta Sepetys
  • Zom-B series by Darren Shan
  • Scythe by Neal Shusterman (3X)
  • More Happy Than Not by Adam Silvera
  • The 57 Bus by Dashka Slater
  • Winger by Andrew Smith (3X)
  • Stand Off by Andrew Smith
  • The Way I Used to Be by Amber Smith
  • Orphan Island by Laurel Snyder (2X)
  • Hunted by Meagan Spooner
  • The Raven Cycle series by Maggie Stiefvater
  • Boot Camp by Todd Strasser
  • It’s Not Like It’s a Secret by Misa Sugiura
  • This Mortal Coil by Emily Suvada
  • The Hate U Give by Angie Thomas (8X)
  • Everything Everything by Nicola Yoon

What Are You Passionate About? (Part 2)

Since my last post, my 9th graders have finished up their research unit, and I have graded their final projects. I am so very proud to share that this project turned out even better than I had hoped! Below I not only share my results, but also a few of the infographics that some of my students created. Enjoy!

TaskStudents were asked to choose a topic they wanted to learn more about, and find at least three reliable sources with helpful information. Using those sources, they wrote an I-search paper and created a presentation to share with their classmates.

The Results: I was pleasantly surprised with the results! Out of 82 students 95% of them completed the project. They chose topics they were interested in, and synthesized their findings to share the most important information with their classmates. Most importantly, numerous students mentioned how much they enjoyed learning about their topics. That was new, and so wonderful to hear!

Now that we have finished, I know that there are certain aspects of the project that will stay the same, but other aspects I want to change for next year:

Search for Reliable Sources (MODIFY): One of the hardest parts for students was finding reliable sources. My advanced readers could find their sources with relative ease, but many of my students who struggle to read higher level texts had a tough time finding sources that they could comprehend. After speaking to an administrator, she suggested that I try using podcasts or other audio sources next time. I also don’t want to limit my students to just the school databases, when there are reliable websites out there. These students that struggled to find sources got behind, which was frustrating to some of them. Next year, I want all students to enjoy the learning process, so this modification should help.

Model the Writing Process (KEEP): My students were quite successful during the writing process, and I truly believe this is due to writing along with them every step of the way.

Screen Shot 2018-06-02 at 5.23.49 PM

I “thought aloud” and added notes and highlighting while reading in front of students.

Screen Shot 2018-06-02 at 5.23.37 PM

I typed this portion of my draft along side my students. 

As I wrote, I shared my thinking and asked them for suggestions. They saw me as one of them. I was a writer who was seeking to understand, one who shared struggles and accomplishments just like them. As I helped them, they felt comfortable helping me. I’m glad we went through this process together.

Write an I-Search Paper Instead of a Traditional Research Paper (KEEP)An I-search paper works the writer into the paper. This means the paper is not just about the findings, but also about the writer’s own process. Thus, I got to see my students’ thinking on paper, and really felt like I was learning along with them. Many of them noticed where their struggles were, and in their conclusion they shared what they’d do differently in the future. This form of writing about research was helpful to all involved.

Create a Final Project (KEEP)After students finished their papers, I asked them to synthesize what they learned and create some sort of visual presentation to share with their classmates. On the date they were due, we had a gallery walk where students displayed them (see below). Some students created infographics using Piktochart, while others wanted to create posters. As I walked around to view presentations, I heard comments like “I like your poster. You’re very talented!” and “I never even knew what DACA was! Thanks for making this topic easy to learn about.” Music to my ears!

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

My Conclusion: This research unit was, by far, the best yet. I am so thankful for other teachers, like Jessica Lifshitz, who share their thoughts and teaching ideas online. I learn so much from all of you!



What Are You Passionate About? (Part I)


What are you passionate about? What do you want to learn more about? These two questions are the backbone of the research unit I recently began with my 82 English 9 students.

When I started thinking about research, I knew that I needed to grab my students’ attention from Day One. Without any interest, most of them wouldn’t be successful. Well, I shouldn’t say that. Students motivated by their grades could be, but I wanted more than that. I wanted my students to have a true curiosity about their topic. I wanted to see that desire to learn more. So, I began to scour the vast world of the internet to see what was out there. My search probably would have taken a lot longer had I not started with some trusted educators I follow.

My initial search led me to Jessica Lifshitz’s brilliant blog, Crawling Out of the Classroom. (Side note: If you haven’t read any of Jessica’s posts before, you’re missing out. Her creative ideas inspire her 5th grade students, as well as her blog readers like me.) When I went to her blog, I was thrilled to see that she was rethinking how she incorporates research in her classroom as well. Like she mentioned in this post, I knew my students needed ideas for topics they would want to learn more about.

Screen Shot 2018-03-18 at 8.24.59 AM.png

Sheet used to gather ideas (based on Jessica Lifshitz’s document)

Two weeks ago, we began searching for topics of interest using some of Jessica’s slides. My students loved Google’s “years in review” as well as a lot of the images. I also added some of my own, based on what I’ve heard my students talk about. I was surprised to see how much my students didn’t know about current events, even though their classmates have discussed these issues before. We then shared what topics stood out to us in small groups, and some students found a new topic they were interested in after these discussions. By the end of the first week, students created inquiry questions about their topics to help guide their upcoming research.

Last week we started our search for articles, which was honestly difficult for some of my students. I wanted them to use our school’s databases to find reliable sources, but that also meant many of the articles would be written at a high level. We started with ProQuest SIRS Issues Researcher, but many of the articles students found were too difficult for them to read (Lexile levels were anywhere from 1100 to over 1400). Some students tried other databases, but many articles were still a struggle to get through.

Screen Shot 2018-04-04 at 9.21.50 AM

5th Period’s Skimming Techniques Anchor Chart 

In order to make sure my students saved articles they could read and understand, we reviewed how to skim our articles first. Too often, I watched students just look at a title, and then print (or not print) based off of what it said. Once students began finding their helpful articles, I asked them to highlight and add annotations in the margins. The goal of this was to show evidence of close read, and I reminded them that their annotations would be needed later on for their papers.

The first day of searching went smoothly, but then I started to see some students putting their heads down or just getting off task. When I asked those students what was going on, they all said they just didn’t want to read their articles or “do research.” I was nervous at this point, for I thought the reading would happen on its own if my students were interested in their topics. What had happened? I started by going back to my students’ inquiry questions to make sure they were still interested in their topics. Most of them weren’t, or at least weren’t sure where to go with it. I encouraged these students to revisit their topics, and change them if needed. Some of them did revise, and then were back on track. Others were still frustrated and reluctant to try to revise. After talking with them, they seemed overwhelmed with the whole research process, for this was the first time they ever had to find multiple texts to write a “research paper.” I had various conversations about why we are doing research, how it will benefit them now and in the future, and even about the upcoming paper and presentation. I told them that yes, the reading and learning portion is often the hardest part, but if they become an “expert” on their topic, the writing and presentation could be a lot easier. Some students believed me, but I think others were still frustrated.

As I write this, I am currently in the middle of my Spring Break. I am hoping my students return to school next week rejuvenated and ready to continue with their research. The vast majority of my students are enjoying the process, which is a big success in my book. I am also, however, planning accordingly for those that may not be ready or willing. My 82 students should already be “experts” on their topic, since they should have read three articles about it. Some have not finished that reading yet, and one of my two goals is to spend additional time with them next week to help them get caught up. Some may already be caught up, and others may end up using a podcast for a source instead of an article. (I wish I would have encouraged other sources besides articles from the start, but it’s an option now.) My second goal is to begin encouraging my other students to start planning out an I-Search paper. I know not all students plan the same way, so I will have a few different tools to share. I will be writing a paper along with them, so I will have a constant model to display, and even work on right there in front of them. More to come in Part II!

How do you work research into your curriculum? Feel free to leave a comment below.

Be a Go-To Reading Source

Ever since my oldest was born, I’ve read to him. He fussed, cooed, and even cried at times, but I wanted that reading habit started early. By the time he was six months old, he would sit for any book. He loved the flip books and beautiful colors in our many Eric Carle titles, but he also just loved listening to his mother and father. The same went for my daughter. By the time she was born two years later, we were going to the library, buying all sorts of books, putting book titles on gift lists, and just creating our ever-growing reading lives.


My husband reading to our son at nine months old.

My children would be lost without books, but that’s because they grew up with them. They were surrounded by them, so they grew to love a wide variety. They also grew to trust their parents as go-to sources for great books.

Now, my six-year-old daughter, who’s in Kindergarten, enjoys sitting down to listen to chapter books with the family. She loved Matylda Bright and TenderWishtree, and every book by Kate DiCamillo. Why was she willing to listen to these books? Her mother picked them out. When children have trusted, go-to sources for books, they are that much more willing listen to a book, or attempt reading it.


My daughter points to the cactus without arms, just like the main character.

Just yesterday, we just finished reading Insignificant Events in the Life of a Cactus by Dusti Bowling. This is a middle-grade novel about a determined, witty 8th grader with no arms, and it’s over 200 pages long. (If you haven’t read it yet, be sure to. It’s amazing in so many ways!) My daughter not only fell in love with the main character, but she also noticed things I never thought a six-year-old could pick up on: the cactus on the front without arms represents the main character of the book. How can it be that my daughter understands symbolism at this age? I believe it started with the consistent reading early on.

When it comes to my 9th graders, many haven’t had those same positive experiences with reading early on. Some of my 9th graders struggle with analyzing a text and noticing symbolism, but I am working with them to give them some wonderful reading experiences. It all starts with a go-to trusted source for books. Some have found that source in the past, but others have not. If I’m going to become a go-to source, I need to prove that I know my books. This means from Day One, I must book talk titles, create displays with popular titles, read intriguing excerpts, and share a wide range of titles that are in my classroom library. I must give them time to read in my classroom, and time to talk about what they love about their titles. I must create one positive reading experience after another.

Our students will gain so much from those positive reading interactions that we create. I’ve seen it happen. I’ve watched students go from sitting back and listening to group members discuss books, to being at the center of a discussion. I’ve seen students who struggled with remembering a basic plot start sharing their analysis of a book.  It’s not full proof, but many students leave as readers. We just need to build their reading confidence, and to do that they need at least one trusted individual who can first get them to pick up a book.

So now what happens when June rolls around? How do we keep the reading momentum going? I encourage my students to come in over the summer when I have my “summer library hours,” and some of them do. In September, at least one-third of them return to my classroom for new books. But then those visits start to dwindle. Why? Because those consistent positive reading experiences dwindle. They don’t have a go-to source each day who knows what they love to read and promotes those titles. How can we change this? Well, I invite you to visit a classroom where a teacher promotes books and independent reading. Learn from that teacher. That’s what I did to get started, and I’ve continued to learn from many educators since then. Also, find some trusted reading sources of your own. I found many of mine on social media. Once you have books to share, you can introduce them to your students. You’ll be a go-to source in no time!

My Top Titles of 2017

What a year for books! I’m pretty sure I said something similar at this time last year, but there really have been so many amazing titles that have come out, and many others I’m sure I have not even read yet. I had to make some tough decisions, and I know there are still a lot of titles I want to read (like Moxie by Jennifer Mathieu and Release by Patrick Ness). Based on what I did read, here are my favorites all rolled into three very general categories.

Top Young Adult Titles of 2017:

Screenshot 2017-12-31 at 11.48.25 PM.png

10. They Both Die At the End by Adam Silvera – Death-Cast calls Mateo Torrez and tells him he is going to die today. Death-Cast is never wrong, so Mateo knows he needs to get his life in order before it happens. He needs to simply venture outdoors and say goodbye to his comatose father, his best friend Lidia, and his goddaughter Penny. Mateo’s fear overwhelms him though, so he tries out the Last Friend app and meets Rufus Emeterio. Rufus also received a call from Death-Cast that day. The teens decide to spend their last day together, and end up helping one another in ways they could have never imagined.
Yet another unforgettable book by Adam Silvera, and just the first of two on this top ten list. I will officially read anything he writes, no matter the topic.

9. Turtles All the Way Down by John Green – Meet Aza Holmes. She’s not nearly as talkative as her best friend Daisy, but she certainly has a lot in her mind. She always has, for her mind consumes her. When local billionaire Russell Pickett disappears, Aza and Daisy decide they can find out information that could lead to a large monetary reward. Daisy is out for the money, but Aza uses the adventure to distract herself from what’s really going on in her head. When they meet Pickett’s oldest son Davis, a former childhood friend of Aza’s, things take a romantic turn that Aza never expected. She also doesn’t know if she can handle it, for what’s going on in her mind is an ever-tightening spiral. I cried reading this book, but not for my typical reasons. John Green’s own personal battle with mental illness makes Aza all too real, for he gave me a glimpse inside the head of so many different people I’ve come to know and love. Green’s writing is gorgeous and intense. I will be thinking about Aza, Davis, Daisy, and Noah for a long time.

8. Solo by Kwame Alexander – Many might think that Blade Morrison has it all. He lives a rich life in Hollywood, all due to his rockstar father, Rutherford Morrison. Except, Rutherford isn’t much of a star anymore. Now he’s an addict who can’t stay clean, no matter what rehab he checks into. Blade has his girlfriend, Chapel, to concentrate on, but his sister Storm knows that he is falling head over heels too quickly. But Blade needs Chapel. He wants to forget about his father, and doesn’t want any connection to him. When the cameras appear, he wants to disappear. Pretty soon, however, Blade is faced with a harsh reality that has him running to Ghana for some answers. Solo is another musical gem by Kwame Alexander. I laughed, I cried, and I found myself singing along with the music.

7.  A Court of Wings and Ruin by Sarah J. Maas – As this third book in the Court of Thorns and Roses series opens, Feyre is back with Tamlin in the Spring Court. Feyre must put on an act for Tamlin and his entourage so she can learn about his recent actions and future plans. The King of Hybern is ready to invade, and Feyre needs information to save her court and the people she loves. Will she get what she needs from Tamlin before returning to her mate, Rhysand? This is a tense, exhilarating third book in the series! It concludes like all is wrapped up, but I know more is coming! If you haven’t read any of Sarah Maas’s books yet, it’s time to start.

6. History Is All You Left Me by Adam Silvera – Griffin doesn’t know how to live now that Theo is gone. He was told it was an accidental drowning, but Griffin can’t believe it. Theo promised him he would never die, and Griffin planned to make him keep his word. Ever since they fell in love, they planned to be one another’s end game. Except now that’s not possible. Now, Griffin must deal with not only losing his true love, but also playing host to Theo’s boyfriend Jackson. A truly realistic and heartbreaking story about love, loss, and never ending grief, and my favorite of the two Silvera books for this year. Anyone who has fallen in love will be able to connect with this story. Be prepared to shed a few tears.

5. American Street by Ibi Zoboi – Fabiola Toussaint and her mother want a better life. As the novel opens, they are flying from Haiti to Detroit to live with the mother’s sister. Unfortunately, things don’t go as planned, and Fabiola’s mother is detained. Fabiola has to navigate the new world she lives in by watching her three cousins and aunt, who live on the corner of American Street and Joy Road. She sees the have a lot of money. How? Fabiola’s Aunt Jo doesn’t go to work, but instead stays in her room all day. Her one cousin, Donna, a true beauty, dates Dray, who gives her all the jewelry and clothes she wants. Donna’s twin Pri is the exactly opposite of Donna. She is the brawn. Then there is Chantal, who is the oldest, and the brains of the sisters. Together they are the Three Bees. They make sure no one messes with their cousin. At first, Fabiola just wants good grades and her mother back in her life, but soon she finds that she is getting into trouble on her own. So many people have compared this book to The Outsiders, and I think that does it a disservice. American Street is its own shocking, yet amazing, novel. The author does a wonderful job showing all that some people need to do to make it in life. I loved it, and felt for so many characters in it, even Dray.

4. Goodbye Days by Jeff Zentner – Teenager Carver Briggs had a wonderful life, that is, until his three best friends–Mars, Blake, and Eli–were killed in a car crash. The worst part was that Carver thinks he was texting the driver around the time the accident happened. He blames himself, and so do many others, including Mars’s father and Eli’s twin sister Adair. Meanwhile, Mars’s father is encouraging the district attorney to bring charges against Carver, and Carver understands why. He blames himself more than anyone. Thankfully though, there are others that support him, like Eli’s girlfriend Jesmyn, his own family, and soon some of Eli’s and Blake’s family members. Carver spends one day with Blake’s grandmother, who wanted a “Goodbye Day” for Blake. They shared their favorite memories of him, giving him a proper goodbye on their terms. I found myself obsessed with Zentner’s first book The Serpent King, but I connected with this one more. Anyone who has lost a loved one can feel for Carver and the overwhelming pain he and other characters have.

3. Long Way Down by Jason Reynolds – In Will’s neighborhood, there are three rules that every follows: no crying, no snitching, and get revenge. Will knows these rules as well as anyone else, and therefore knows he must follow them. The night before, his older brother Shawn was shot and killed. Will knows who did it, and he knows where Shawn kept his gun. He grabs it, knowing, as he enters the elevator, what he plans to do with it. It’s a long way down though–seven floors to be exact–and Will has a lot to think about. I have read all of Jason Reynolds’s books, and I have loved every single one. This one is one of my favorites (if that’s possible)! Jason is such a talented storyteller and poet. I’ve also listened to the audio with Jason reading the book himself, and it’s even better! I will be thinking about this book for a long time.

2. The 57 Bus: A True Story of Two Teenagers and the Crime That Changed Their Lives by Dashka Slater – This true story is about two Oakland teenagers and an afternoon that changed both their lives. One teen, Sasha, is a brilliant student at a private school who identifies as agender. Richard is black, lives in a low-income area of Oakland, and goes to a rough public school where he is just one of many. Each day, both Sasha and Richard take the 57 bus to get to and from school. One day while Sasha sleeps on the bus, Richard takes a lighter and sets their skirt on fire. Sasha ends up with second and third degree burns, and Richard is arrested and charged with a hate crime. Is it a hate crime though? As the events unfold, its clear that Sasha and Richard are both victims. To say that this book is impressive is an understatement. I couldn’t put it down and will be thinking about it for a while. I’m sharing this one with all of my classes.

1. The Hate U Give by Angie Thomas – 16-year-old Starr Carter may live in the poor neighborhood called Garden Heights, but that doesn’t mean her classmates at Williamson prep need to know that side of her. Starr is one of the few black students at Williamson and does all she can to be “Williamson Starr” there. Then one night she sees one of her best friends, Khalil, at a party. The two end up leaving together after shots are fired, and Khalil offers to drive her home. Not more than a few minutes later a cop pulls them over, and before Starr knows what happened, Khalil is dead and he was unarmed. What follows is the aftermath, and Starr is right in the thick of it. She always said she would speak up in a situation like this, but can she now? Will it even make a difference?
What a truly remarkable and powerful story. Angie Thomas’s debut is a must-read that is needed in every classroom. Teachers need to read it with their students. Students need to bring it home and share it with their parents. Out of all the titles on this list, I didn’t second guess where this one belonged.

Top Middle Grade Titles of 2017:

Screenshot 2018-01-01 at 8.50.02 AM.png


10. Midnight without a Moon by Linda Williams Jackson – Rosa Lee Carter is only 13 years old, but she knows she needs to leave the South. Her grandmother, Ma Pearl, treats Rosa so much worse that her siblings, Queen and Fred Lee. Rosa knows it’s because of her darker skin; Ma Pearl says she looks like “midnight without a moon,” and this embarrasses Rosa. She struggles to find her way during the beginning of the civil rights movement. When a 14-year-old African American boy, Emmett Till, is killed for whistling at a white woman, Rosa’s world is rocked. Instead of fighting, she feels the need to escape and move north like her mother and aunt did. It’s only because of her best friend, Hallelujah, that she starts seeing why others want to fight for change. Rosa wants to see change come about, but she doesn’t know if she can be a part of it. A beautifully written story with an important message. It was inspired by actual historical events.

9. Flying Lessons by various authors and edited by Ellen Oh – A truly wonderful collection of short stories that will hook the most reluctant readers. Popular authors like Matt de la Peña, Kwame Alexander, Tim Federle, and Meg Medina make this collection a must-have!

8. A Boy Called Bat by Elana K. Arnold – Bixby Alexander Tam, or Bat for short, is thrilled when his veterinarian mother brings home a skunk kit one day. The very moment Bat meets this young kit—who he names Thor—he knows that he was meant to care for it. Thor gives Bat a chance to concentrate on something he loves, instead of worrying about tough situations at school, or “every other Fridays” with his father. He decides to prove to his mother that Thor belongs with him by aiming to be the best caretaker possible. His sister Janie sees him as a nuisance most of the time, but there are a few heartwarming moments that show how much they care for one another. Bat’s story is a lovable one. 

7. Matylda, Bright and Tender by Holly M. McGhee – Sussy and Guy are best friends, and Sussy knows that their friendship is a special one. Guy is the type of best friend who is willing to miss the bus to school to run to her house and grab her jacket on a cold day. One day, Sussy and Guy decide to buy a pet together. They choose a leopard gecko and name her Matylda, for Guy says she is unqiue so her name should be too. Guy and Sussy enjoy their new pet, until one day when a tragic accident occurs. Then all of a sudden Sussy is left without the one person who meant the most to her. This book is beautifully written, and definitely a tear-jerker. Everyone deserves a friendship like the one Sussy and Guy have.

6. Beyond the Bright Sea by Lauren Wolk Crow is not your typical 12-year-old. Left in a boat as a newborn, she was found by Osh, the man who found her and raised her on an island off the coast of Massachusetts. Crow doesn’t have any other companions besides Osh and Miss Maggie, a grumpy older woman who is a neighbor of sorts. Crow has always been curious, wanting to see what’s out there, but she doesn’t realize what she is really in for. The mystery elements of Lauren Wolk’s first book, Wolf Hollow, show up in this novel as well. The only reason Beyond the Bright Sea is lower on my list is because I am not quite done with it yet. (I may be changing the order of these titles up soon.) I know an amazing book when I see it though. Lauren Wolk is the real deal. First Wolf Hollow, and now Beyond the Bright Sea. I look forward to sharing this mystery with my students.

5. The Shadow Cipher (York #1) by Laura Ruby – The Morningstarr twins were the geniuses behind the City of York. Back in the late 1700s, they came and created it all: the tall, gorgeous buildings, the futuristic machines, and the train system. Years later, they disappeared, but not without first leaving their city with the Old York Cipher. This gigantic puzzle was hidden within the city itself and has a treasure at the end, but no one had ever been able to solve it. There was even the Old Cipher Society for those that were devoted to solving it. Years later, Tess and Theo Biedermann live in one of the few remaining Morningstarr buildings, 354 W. 73rd Street. They know about the Cipher, and it’s history, like everyone else in York. When wealthy Darnell Slant decides to buy their home, Tess and Theo team up with Jaime Cruz, a neighbor down the hall, to save their building. Unfortunately, the only way they think they can do so is by solving the Cipher. What follows is a truly epic adventure. The Shadow Cipher may be a middle grade novel, but YA fans will love the intricate layers found within. Just like when reading Ready Player One, I found myself excited to watch the puzzle unfold as Tess, Theo, and Jaime discovered new pieces. I loved The Shadow Cipher, and I’m anxious to read the rest of the series.

4. Patina by Jason Reynolds – Patina “Patty” Jones is the female newbie on the Defenders track team. She also happens to be the fastest. Like Ghost, she runs for a reason. Ever since her mother got “the sugar” and lost her legs, Patty has cared for her little sister Maddy. Maddy looks to her big sister for guidance and support, so Patty has had to grow up a lot quicker than most girls her age. She has a loving aunt and uncle who take care of them and their mother, who is on dialysis. It’s a lot to handle, so Patty runs. She runs for her mother, her sister, and even the fake girls at school. Patty wants to do it all, but sometimes even a tough girl like her needs support. All of Jason Reynolds’s books impress me, but Patina is something special. This is his first novel with a female protagonist, and he nailed it. Patina is a book for all the girls out there who need a little extra inspiration, for “Patina Jones ain’t no junk.”

3. Me and Marvin Gardens by A. S. King – Obe Devlin is a loner, but he’s okay with that. He spends his free time by Devlin Creek, which is on a little patch of land that his family still owns. His family used to have acres and acres, but Obe’s great-grandfather had to sell it to pay for his drinking problem. Now developers are moving in, but Obe still has his creek. This is where he meets a new “friend” that he eventually names Marvin Gardens. Marvin is part dog, pig, and who knows what else. Obe has never seen anything like him before, but he grows to care for him. Soon a former friend of Obe’s, Tommy, meets Marvin too, but Obe doesn’t trust Tommy anymore. Tommy left their friendship a while back for another group of kids, and now Obe is worried that Marvin could be in danger. I loved this book just as much as Amy’s other novels. I look forward to sharing this one with my students, and someday my son, who is a true scientist at heart.

2. Wishtree by Katherine Applegate – Red is a giant red oak who has lived to see a lot in its 216 years. It has accrued many animal families, and is famous throughout the neighborhood. Why? Red is a wishtree. Every May 1st, people come see Red and leave a wish on a piece of fabric or scrap of paper. Red and the animals have always sat back and watched this tradition, but this year it’s different. This year Samar’s family has joined the neighborhood, and not everyone is welcoming. It’s only when Samar leaves her own wish for Red that it decides it’s time to become more of a buttinsky than it already is. Wishtree is such an important story. When I closed this book, I made sure to open it again soon after, reading it to my own children. I won’t stop there.\

1. Refugee by Alan Gratz – Josef, Isabel, and Mahmoud are all refugees seeking hope in a new world. In 1939, Josef and his family board the MS St. Louis, in hopes to make a new life away from Hitler’s regime. Josef must be the man in his family, for his father has not been the same since he returned from Dachau. In 1994, Isabel and her family board a small rowboat in Havana, Cuba in hopes of making it to Miami. Her family, and some of their friends, want to escape the riots that plague their country. Finally, in 2015, there is Mahmoud, who is trying to escape war-torn Syria and make it to Germany with his family. All of these families know they are against great odds, but they’re determined to make it to a new land where they have the freedom they deserve. Oh, what a book! I had many moments while reading it where I just broke down sobbing. The stories of Josef, Isabel, and Mahmoud will connect with all readers. This is the first book I have read by Alan Gratz, but it will not be the last.

Top Picture Books of 2017:
Screenshot 2018-01-01 at 12.50.26 AM.png

10. Claymates by Dev Petty and Lauren Eldridge – A gorgeous tale with clay sculptures that move. Lots of action and emotion from these characters, and a new favorite with my 6 and 8 year olds as home.

9. Be Quiet! by Ryan T. Higgins – The hilarious mice from Hotel Bruce are back for their own adventure. All Rupert wants from his friends are for them to be quiet for the wordless picture book he wants to make. What follows is laugh-out-loud funny!

8. Life by Cynthia Rylant and Brendan Wenzel – A gorgeous book that explores all the wonderful things about life. A true treasure.

7. Miguel and the Grand Harmony by Matt de la Peña and Ana Ramírez – Matt de la Peña is a genius when it comes to picture books! La Música is the main character who ends up finding a boy who has no music in his home. She decides she will help this boy find his passion. What a gorgeous and musical story!

6. Her Right Foot by Dave Eggers and Shawn Harris – This nonfiction picture book is about how the United States came to have the Statue of Liberty. My children and I loved this book so much! It’s definitely a must read for all, especially now. I think I need to send this book to 1600 Pennsylvania Ave.

5. Here We Are: Notes for Living on Planet Earth by Oliver Jeffers – My children and I are big fans of Oliver Jeffers, but my son especially loved this one. The illustrations are gorgeous, and there is something new to notice every time you read it. A gorgeous book that is a perfect gift for new parents.

4. The Legend of Rock Paper Scissors by Drew Daywalt and Adam Rex – Drew Daywalt creates some hilarious dialogue for three characters that are in search of someone who can beat them. Talk about amazing! I think my kids and I have read this one at least 20-25 times, and that was just in the first week we had it! My son even took it to his 1st grade classroom to read last year.

3. It’s Not Jack and the Beanstalk by Josh Funk and Edwardian Taylor – Another hilarious take on a popular tale that will hook all readers (and listeners). Jack does not want to be a part of his narrator’s story, so this new tale will surely get laughs as he reluctantly goes through an adventure.

2. The Rooster Who Would Not Be Quiet! by Carmen Agra Deedy and Eugene Yelchin – A loud town becomes a quiet one when a new mayor named Don Pepe comes in and promises to bring change. But soon the town loses more than just their voice, and it’s up to a noisy little rooster to stand up everyone. An important story that reminds all readers we need to find our inner voice. Share this one with young and old alike.

1. After the Fall: How Humpty Dumpty Got Back Up Again by Dan Santat – A truly remarkable take on what happens to Humpty Dumpty after his fall off the wall. Dan Santat just impresses me more with every book he makes.